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Can you guess how many people move to city every week?

Not hundreds. Not thousands. But more than a million.

Globally, there are 1.3 million people moving to cities every single week.

What does this convey?

Intensive urbanization andindustrialization.

The bright side?

Better living standards, higher incomes, improved social and cultural integration, and so on.

And then there is the dark side…Congestion, high energy consumption, water crises,and the spread of infectious diseases.

Why Coronavirus spread so rapidly in cities?You know the answer very well.

Realizing the Value of Smart Cities

We know smart city as an ideal prototype for urban planning and development, an answer to environmental issues (such as climate change and global warming), and a solution to energy concerns.

In the upcoming years, smart city initiatives will continue to rise. A recent forecast from the IDC projects that the global spending on smart city initiatives will reach $189.5 billion in 2023.

So what’s coming?

5 Smart City Trends for 2020

Here are the top5 smart city trends to look out for in 2020:

  • Green IoT
  • Increased use of AI and ML
  • Growth of IoMT
  • EV Infrastucture Expansion
  • Blockchain-powered Security

Green IoT

Green Internet of Things or Green IoT refers to the notion of reducing the energy consumption of IoT devices and making the environment safe.

It is about merging energy efficient techniques with IoT either to decrease the greenhouse effect caused by existing applications or to eliminate the same in IoT itself.

Today, all most every IoT development company creates apps to gather data and analyze it. What if these apps could be leveraged for more than that?

The concept of Green IoT will be used to develop IoT apps that will facilitate environmental conservation & surveillance.

Green Driving

IoT apps will be developed that will allow vehicles to sense and process what other vehicles are about to do. This is nothing but green driving. This will enable traffic to move at a specific speed with least distance between vehicles, thereby reducing the fuel inefficiency happening due to constant gear changes.

Decrease Air Pollution

IoT apps will be developed to help reduce air pollution through real-time monitoring of the air quality – here, tiny, mobile-powered sensors across will be scattered across various regions and spaces to provide a broader picture of air quality levels.

Reduce CO2 emission

IoT apps will be developed to assist in decreasing carbon dioxide (CO2) gas emissions from automobiles i.e. smart traffic management. Data will be fetched from several sources like traffic cameras, GPS/sensors of vehicles etc. and will be used to examine and comprehend the traffic patterns.

Increased Use of AI & ML

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML)solutions have become an integral part of many industries. Now they are paving their way to smart city initiatives, aiming to automate and advance processes.

Garbage Management

Collection of waste and its appropriate management and disposal is vital. Intense urbanization and industrialization has made it mandatory for cities to adopt smart techniques for waste management.

Implementing AI and ML for smart recycling and garbage management can offer a sustainable garbage management system. For instance, garbage management system in Barcelona has AI-enabled sensors and devices installed on garbage containers that deliver notifications to the concerned personnel to dispatch the waste collection vehicles as soon as they are about to get filled.

Crime Detection

Crime is pervasive. Because of this, smart cities need smart policing, where law enforcement organization proof-based data-driven tactics that are effectual and economical.

For instance, in Singapore, a network of sensors and cameras have been fitted in almost every junction which helps to identify people who are smoking in prohibited areas or are loitering from a multistory lodging. The cameras allow the authorities to keep an eye on crowd density and cleanliness of public spaces.

IoMT will Flourish

The Internet of Medical things (IoMT) or Healthcare IoT refers to the entire set of IoT-enabled medical devices and apps that can communicate with each other autonomously (machine-to-machine communication) and are connected to a cloud platform like Azure.

According to a report by Frost and Sullivan, by 2021, IoMT is projected to increase at a compound annual growth rate of 26.2% and reach $72,000 million.

The rise in connected smart devices will play a vital role in aiding the healthcare domain. They will act as a support system to a range of e-health services, improve access to critical data, and enable the monitoring of chronic diseases.

This will ultimately serve to reduce the pressure on the overall healthcare system while improving the quality of care.

EV Infrastructure Expansion

The transport segment currently lags behind electricity in its efforts to decarbonize cities and reduce pollution, but progress is accelerating fast.

Cities across the globe, including Rome, Paris, Madrid, and Mexico City have declared plans to ban diesel and petrol cars from their centers, and closer to home London have announced the Ultra-Low Emissions Zone (ULEZ). Simultaneously, countries from Costa Rica and Denmark to China and India are phasing out fossil fuel vehicles.

According to Statista, the size of the global electric vehicle market is expected to reach an estimated global market size of 567 billion U.S. dollars by 2026.

Electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure expansion will take place which will make cities of the future cleaner and quieter. This transformation would accelerate the ability of cities to meet climate goals and optimize grid infrastructure investment.

Blockchain-powered Security

The IoT app development market is forced to focus its attention on security as complex safety challenges appear. These complications arise due to IoT’s diverse and distributed nature.

According to Gartner, nearly 4.8 billion enterprise & automotive IoT endpoints were utilized in 2019. Furthermore, this number will touch 5.8 billion in 2020.

The existing centralized architecture of IoT network is one of the key reasons for its vulnerability. With millions and millions of devices connected with each other, and more being added, IoT becomes prone to cyber-attacks and makes security extremely crucial.

Blockchain, a platform that is known for being the backbone of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ripple, provides an effective solution for securing IoT network. Itis shielded against data tampering, unauthorized access, and also cyber threats.

For instance, blockchain is decentralized, and because of this there is no single person or authority that can control the transactions that happen, thereby eliminating the single point of failure (SPOF) flaw.

In the upcoming months, Blockchain will be utilized heavily in securing IoT networks.

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Autor(en)/Author(s): imon Cocking

Quelle/Source: Irish Tech News, 14.04.2020

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