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Friday, 31.05.2024
eGovernment Forschung seit 2001 | eGovernment Research since 2001

Afrika / Africa

  • Afrika wartet ungeduldig auf die Internet-Revolution

    Nicht nur im afrikanischen Alltag, auch bei der Internetnutzung müssen sich Neulinge aus Europa oder Nordamerika an ein neues Zeitgefühl gewöhnen. Es dauert eine Viertelstunde, bis im Internetcafe die Webseite aufgebaut ist.

    Aber das sind nur Durchschnittszeiten in den Cybercafes zwischen Addis Abeba und Kinshasa. Im Büro verlangsamt sich der Datenverkehr des überteuerten Breitbandanschlusses plötzlich auf Dial-up-Niveau. Da hilft nur abwarten, es wird schon irgendwann wieder schneller gehen. Und auch wenn das Modem nach sekundenlangem nervösen Flackern den Geist aufgibt oder ein Stromausfall den frustrierten Nutzer stundenlang "offline" zwingt, ist das eben afrikanischer Internet-Alltag.

  • Afrika: Fixed vs mobile a colossal gap

    A colossal disparity exists between fixed and mobile communication penetration rates across Africa, with mobile communications capturing 96.4% of the subscriber market share in 2013, compared to a mere 3.6% by fixed communications.

    This is according to telecoms research firm Frost & Sullivan, which attributes the massive gap to the fact that fixed-line communication services are offered solely by state-owned entities across African countries, with limited funds for infrastructure development and investment.

  • Afrika: Handys enttarnen gefälschte Medikamente

    Verifikation durch SMS-Nachricht mit freigerubbeltem Code

    Medikamentenfälschungen sind in Entwicklungsländern eine große Gefahr. Da mit ihnen die Sicherheit und auch das Vertrauen der Patienten in die Medizin auf dem Spiel steht, setzt Nigeria nun das Handy als Waffe gegen Produktpiraterie bei Malariapräparaten ein. Bei dem System mPedigree wird ein Rubbelcode auf der Verpackung als SMS versandt und gibt in Sekunden Klarheit über den Inhalt. Mehrere weitere afrikanische Länder testen die Übernahme des Systems, Nigeria wird es in Zukunft sogar auf alle Medikamente ausweiten.

  • Afrika: Infrastructure challenge affecting internet usage, says new report

    Internet is a key component in Africa’s economic development but it is not serving to its potential and a lot more has to be done, a new Internet Society Report indicates.

    The report, “Promoting the African Internet Economy,” was released last week. It shows that there is need to address the lack of local content infrastructure in African countries, such as data centers, routers, servers in order to drive wider and deeper internet usage.

  • AfriNIC pilots public key infrastructure resource project

    The Africa Network Information Center, the regional Internet registry also known as AfriNIC, is moving ahead on a pilot project designed to give ISPs security measures along with IP address allocations.

    The pilot aims to provide increased value to ISPs by issuing certificates based on public key cryptography. Public keys are widely distributed but private keys are secret -- messages are encrypted with the public key and can only be decrypted with the private key to ensure confidentiality. AfricNIC officials discussed the project last week at the AfriNIC-12 Public Policy Meeting in Kigali, Rwanda.

  • AI for Africa, by Africa: A call to action for inclusive and Ethical Artificial Intelligence Policies

    From South Juba to Entebbe, from Marrakesh to Accra, on the cusp of technology in Africa, the need for responsible AI development and ethical data practices has never been more pressing. As technology continues to advance and shape the global economy, Africa is taking steps toward positioning itself as a leader in Artificial Intelligence (AI). Investments and innovations in AI are on the rise across the continent, with a growing number of countries beginning to develop policies and strategies to harness the power of this transformative technology. Although only a few countries have officially adopted AI strategies and policies, many more are actively working towards defining their AI policies. As philosopher and economist Amartya Sen noted, ‘Development requires the removal of major sources of unfreedom that leave people with little choice and little opportunity of exercising their reasoned agency.’ By creating policies and fostering innovation in AI, African countries can empower their citizens to take advantage of the opportunities presented by this innovative technology and make meaningful contributions to their communities and the world at large.

  • As the continent digitizes rapidly, Africans need a bill of data rights to protect them online

    This week, hundreds of activists, technologists and policymakers are gathered in Tunis for RightsCon—the world’s leading summit on human rights in the digital age. Among the items on the agenda will be a proposal for a Bill of Data Rights by our colleague Martin Tisné.

    Ahead of this, it’s important to explore what this could mean in the African context, and how a Bill of Data Rights could help to prevent governments and corporations from overstepping their boundaries by articulating the rights and freedoms of people in digital spaces. This is vital given the accelerating pace of technology adoption across Africa, from mobile money, the digital economy and online entertainment options, to biometric registrations for digital identity systems and voters’ rolls.

  • AU urges Africa to transit into knowledge-based societies

    The African Union on Friday urged the continent to make a transition from agricultural based economies to knowledge based societies.

    African Union Commissioner for Infrastructure and Energy Dr Elham Ibrahim told journalists in Naivasha that the switch will allow African countries to reduce the current high poverty levels.

    “One of the targets of the AU is for the continent to make the transition to a knowledge based society, so that all citizens have access to equal education and employment opportunities,” Ibrahim said during a workshop on Knowledge Society Development in Africa as part of the African Leadership in ICT Course (ALICT).

  • Baubeginn für ostafrikanisches Unterseekabel

    Der Netzwerkausrüster Alcatel-Lucent hat Medienberichten zufolge die Bauarbeiten für ein neues Unterseekabel vor Ostafrika begonnen. Das 10.000 Kilometer lange Kabel soll rechtzeitig zur Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft 2010 den Südafrikanern eine schnellere und günstigere Internetnutzung ermöglichen. Die Kosten für das Projekt werden mit 247 Millionen Dollar (156 Euro Millionen Euro) angegeben.

  • Benchmarking Africa with the World

    We live in a global village where ICTs have a direct impact on a nation’s ability to improve the economic well being of her people and compete globally. We must therefore ask ourselves how well we have fared in comparison with other regions of the world in providing access to this vital infrastructure for our people.

    While African countries may be celebrating increase in access to and the use of basic telephone services, the more advanced countries are increasing access to new technologies such as internet and broadband at such an exponential rate. Broadband is no doubt an accelerator of social and economic development in the modern world with its applications enabling and facilitating economic and social services such as Public Safety, National Security, Telemedicine, e-government, distance learning, utility applications etc.

  • Best Practices Forum urges African nations to embrace e-Governance

    National and regional governments in Africa have been urged to embrace best practices in e-governance so as to effect a meaningful improvement in their economies and the standards of living of their citizens.

    This urging came from Bruno Lanvin,a representative of the World Bank, who made a presentation at the ICT Best Practices Forum for West and Central Africa. The forum was jointly sponsored by global software company, Microsoft and other agencies in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

  • Biometric smart cards with Next Biometrics’ fingerprint tech tested for African e-government project

    An e-government project by an African country is entering the testing phase for biometric smart cards featuring technology jointly developed by Next Biometrics and information security company Softlock.

    The biometric smart cards leverage large-area, flexible fingerprint sensors from Next and an operating system, Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), and biometric applets from Softlock. Softlock provides Tactilis with the operating system for its biometric cards.

  • Breitband für Afrika

    "Breitband für Afrika" ist eines von drei sogenannten Flaggschiffprojekten der "Global Alliance for ICT and Development" (GAID), die zum Ziel des "Weltgipfels zur Informationsgesellschaft" (WSIS) beitragen sollen, bis zum Jahr 2015 die Hälfte der Menschheit Online zu bringen.

    Das Projekt "Broadband for Africa" besteht aus drei selbständigen, aber miteinander verbundenen Elementen. Ein Backbone-Unterseekabel für Ost- und Südafrika, ein landgestütztes Backbone-Netz für mehr als 20 Länder im sub-saharischen Afrika und lokale Zugangsmöglichkeiten über WiMax oder Telezentren.

  • Breitbandinternet kommt nach Ostafrika

    Seacom soll Ostafrika mit Europa und Indien verbinden

    Das Unternehmen Seacom verlegt gerade ein 17.000 km langes Glasfaserkabel vor der ostafrikanischen Küste. Über das Kabel werden mehrere afrikanische Küstenländer erstmals Breitbandanschlüsse bekommen.

  • Bridging the Co-location Connectivity Divide in Africa

    Data centre co-location is on the upswing worldwide, says Bloomberg, with demand in the market set to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.7 percent between 2023 and 2030 to reach nearly $90 billion, according to the global media and financial data and analytics firm.

    This upsurge can be attributed to several factors, including rising demand for over-the-top (OTT) media and video streaming services and the need to lower ICT infrastructure costs, as well as the emergence of technologies such as the internet of things (IoT), self-driven vehicles, cloud computing and robotics.

  • Broadband brings new hope to Africa’s poor, elderly - ITU

    Effective delivery of essential services in Africa lies with the deployment of broadband networks, according to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), a United Nations agency for information and communication technology.

    During the recently concluded African Union Summit held in Addis Ababa Ethiopia, the agency appealed to African countries to focus on broadband networks as the transformational technology that will aid in the efficient use of energy, management of healthcare in poor, ageing and isolated population as well as the delivery of the best education to future generations.

  • Broadband to encircle Africa

    Building of a four-fibre broadband undersea ring around Africa is under way, according to South African government officials.

    While a Nigerian consortium is building a two-fibre link from Nigeria to Portugal, UhuruNet, a consortium that involves the special purpose vehicle established under Nepad, African telecommunication companies and other investors, is planning to piggyback another two-fibre link on it.

  • Building smart cities is a key to urbanization in Africa

    The advent of digital technologies, though more pervasive in some economies than others, continues to change many areas of human lives, administration, and modern society.

    From smartphones and computers to other highly intelligent appliances, we can no longer deny that technology is the power behind the smart world we live in today.

  • Can mobiles heal Africa?

    Clever use of mobile technology may be key to cracking Africa’s healthcare problems, say experts.

    Mobile phones could play a major part in improving healthcare in the world’s poorest countries, Africa's first mobile health summit heard yesterday in Cape Town.

    The talks came as the World Health Organisation put out its mHealth report on the global use of mobile phone technology in healthcare.

    There is a “fairly healthy groundswell of activity” in mobile-health initiatives, said the United Nations’ Misha Kay, working for the World Health Organisation (WHO).

  • Can smart cities become a reality in Africa?

    There is a lot of talk about building smart cities and it is important that we at least fully understand what it is all about. Making a city “smart” is emerging as a strategy to mitigate the problems generated by the urban population growth and rapid urbanisation. More than half of the World’s population now lives in urban areas and this shift from a primarily rural to a primarily urban population is projected to continue for the next couple of decades. It is estimated that more than 80% of global GDP is generated in cities and urbanisation, if managed well, can contribute to sustainable and inclusive growth. It achieves this by addressing inequalities, increasing productivity, and promoting job creation, social well-being, citizen participation, innovation, and emerging ideas. As such there is a need for a radical change in thinking about the way cities and human settlements are planned, developed, governed, and managed. In the case of Africa, urbanisation is progressing rapidly. The continent’s rate of urbanisation soared from 15% in 1960 to 40% in 2010, and is projected to reach 60% in 2050. It is expected that urban populations in Africa will triple in the next 50 years.

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