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While sustainable smart cities are considered a solution to sustain international business investments, for Vietnam experts have advised local cities and provinces to prioritise building them to attract FDI. According to the World Bank, Vietnam is amongst the fastest-growing economies globally, with an average GDP growth rate of 6.31 percent from 2000 to 2020, adding that it has been an attractive destination for international businesses for the last 30 years due to its rapid economic reforms, rich resources and high population.

MIT University Senior Programme Manager for International Business and Master of International Business Erhan Atay said: “Vietnam is finding itself in a new era of globalisation that requires a different approach to sustain its attractiveness for international business.”

He explained that while earlier forms of globalisation were mostly about the trade of labour-intensive, tangible manufactured items across borders, new globalisation is about providing integrated and intangible digital services to companies and individuals. This can be called “digital globalisation.”

“New business models rely on IT-based applications and instant information sharing. The information flows help organisations and individuals establish new local, regional, national and international connections in trade, finance and society. All such links may help trade actors to expand their trade volume,” he said.

Atay remarked that the competition between countries and cities was increasing day by day. Each region has to “up its game” to attract investors, especially as global organisations are now more selective.

“International investors will consider new factors when choosing where to invest. These include how digitalised the destination is, how sustainable the economy is, and how social the environment is. These factors will outweigh traditional investment decisions such as cheap labour, rich resources and high population," said the RMIT professor.

“In the new era, sustainable smart cities that enable the transfer of data, technology, ideas and best practices, while providing a liveable and sustainable environment, may affect the investment decisions of international business actors.”

Bùi Tuyến, technical director and senior advisor of international engineering advisory company Aurecon Vietnam said: “Sustainable smart city initiatives will be an important criterion for new FDI investments."

“Robust digital infrastructure is particularly important for smart cities to function. That means a focus on solutions such as wireless networks, smart water and energy management, wastewater recycling, intelligent transport system and automated parking management, among others.”

RMIT University’s Atay added: “HCM City, Hanoi, Da Nang, Nha Trang and Binh Duong are carrying out administrative reforms to initiate and accelerate smart city projects to attract more foreign investors.

“Vietnam should accelerate its sustainable smart city investments to maintain its high growth rates in the last 30 years, be a centre of attraction for foreign investors, and, above all, offer a high quality of life to its residents.”

Among those actively working to have smart cities, Binh Duong has carried out the Smart City Project for the last four years and is now working with the project in the so-called Binh Duong Innovation Region.

Earlier this year, in the framework of the ICF Smart21 Summit, the World Smart Community Forum has announced the list of 21 cities and regions with typical smart city development strategies in the world. Binh Duong was the only locality in Vietnam to be honoured in this list for the last three consecutive years.

Secretary of the provincial Party Committee Tran Van Nam said: “The project of Binh Duong Innovation Region will create an ecosystem that promotes the culture of entrepreneurship and innovation, attracting investment projects that bring high added value, gradually turning the province into a smart city, in which, the key projects that are considered as the bright spots of the region are the World Trade Center Binh Duong New City."

He said the new city would be a "door" for the local business community to connect with the world by supporting and accompanying businesses to develop trade and services and promote trade, thereby contributing to economic restructuring to bring more added value.

According to the Ministry of Planning and Investment, FDI registered in Vietnam reached 26.46 billion USD as of November 20, up 0.1 percent year-on-year, adding that total additional registered capital stood at over 8 billion USD, an annual rise of 26.7 percent.

n the first 11 months, 14.1 billion USD was poured into 1,577 newly-licensed projects, up 3.76 percent in value but down 31.8 percent in volume over the same period last year.

The remaining investment was used for capital contribution and share purchases in a total 3,466 transactions.

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Quelle/Source: Vietnam+, 13.12.2021

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