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Montag, 27.05.2024
eGovernment Forschung seit 2001 | eGovernment Research since 2001

While global momentum supporting mobile health (mHealth) research and development is increasing, it is imperative to assess the potential fit of mHealth programs in local settings. We describe the penetration of mobile technologies among Bolivian patients with noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) to inform research on mHealth interventions for the Andean region as well as low- and middle-income countries more generally.

Methods: Five-hundred and fifty-nine NCD patients were identified from outpatient clinics affiliated with four hospitals in the cities of La Paz and El Alto.

Respondents completed surveys about their use of standard mobile phones and smartphones. Respondents also provided information about their sociodemographic characteristics, health status, and access to care.

We used descriptive statistics and logistic regression to understand the variation in mobile phone use across groups defined by patient characteristics associated with health service access and socioeconomic vulnerability.

Results: Respondents were on average 52 years of age, 33Â % had at most a sixth grade education, and 30Â % spoke an indigenous language in their home. Eighty-six percent owned a mobile phone and 13Â % owned a smartphone.

Fifty-eight percent of mobile phone users sent or received a text message at least once a week. Some mobile phone owners reported connectivity problems, such as lacking mobile signal (9Â %) or credit to make a call (17Â %).

Younger age, male gender, high health literacy, more years of education, and having fewer previously diagnosed NCDs were positively related to mobile phone ownership. Among mobile phone users, respondents with lower education and other indicators of vulnerability were less likely than their counterparts to report frequent usage of texting services.

Conclusions: Mobile phones have high penetration among NCD patients in La Paz, Bolivia, including among those who are older, less educated, and who have other socioeconomic risk factors.

Smartphone use is still relatively uncommon, even among patients who are younger and more educated. While certain patient characteristics such as age or education impact patients'use of text messaging, mobile phone-based mHealth interventions are feasible strategies for increasing NCD patients'access to self-management support between face-to-face clinical encounters.

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Autor(en)/Author(s): Kevin Kamis, Mary Janevic, Nicolle Marinec, Rachel Jantz, Helen Valverde, John Piette

Quelle/Source: 7thspace, 03.07.2015

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